History of Sugar Making Sugarcanes
From morning tea to Gulab Jamun, the sweetness comes from sugar. Sugar is made from sugarcane, but ever having tasted any sweet or sugarcane, the question arose in your mind that where was sugarcane first grown? How will sugar be made from sugarcane for the first time? Probably not.
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But today we will tell you about the history of sugarcane and the story of sugarcane becoming Chinese … Sugarcane was cultivated on the island of New Guinea in the South Pacific area 8,000 years ago and spread in the Solomon Islands near it.
Sugarcane reached Indonesia, the Philippines, and North India 2000 years later. Sugarcane arrived in India from India around 800 BC. Sugar was introduced around the 8th century by Muslim and Arab traders in the Mediterranean Sea, Mesopotamia, Egypt, North Africa, and the Abbasid Caliphate’s southern parts in Andalusia.
The Spanish explorer Cortez established the first sugar mill in North American in 1535, according to the English website about sugarcane, Chicken, that was growing sugarcane in the plains by 1520. Soon its cultivation spread to Peru, Brazil, Colombia, and Venezuela. In 1547 the first sugar mill also became established in Puerto Rico.
By 1600, sugar production had become the world’s largest and most lucrative industry in many parts of the US. The ‘sugary islands’ of the West Indies proved to be financially beneficial for England and France. Sugar was so expensive at that time that people considered it a luxury item. Queen Elizabeth kept a sugar bowl on her desk and used sugar as a food and spice daily to demonstrate how wealthy she was.
In colonial times, sugar was sent from the Caribbean to Europe or England, where it was used to make rum. The profits from selling it were used to buy manufactured goods that were sent to West Africa, from which the slaves were bought in exchange for that money and those slaves were then brought to the Caribbean and worked in their sugarcane fields—used to go. The profits made from the sale of slaves were used to buy more sugar, sent to Europe. Between the 17th and 19th centuries, raw sugar was made from sugarcane juice in boiling houses.
These boiling houses are connected to the sugar factories of the Western colony. Sugar was made in such a way that sugar was made so hard, at that time kilns were made like rectangular boxes of brick or stone, with a little open space at the bottom from which the ashes were extracted. Each furnace had seven copper kettles or boilers attached to it.
Each kettle was smaller and warmer than the previous one. Sugarcane juice used to be in the largest kettle, which kept heating, adding lemon to it, and its impurities were removed.
It was here that the foam formed above in the juice was removed and then sent to the kettle above. Arriving in the last kettle, sugarcane juice was converted into a syrup. After this, there was a process of cooling, and in this process, the syrup was cooled and turned into jaggery pieces. It was then assembled in wooden barrels called hogsheads and sent to the curing house to make clean sugar.
When slaves from West Africa were freed when the British were taken from India, they stopped working in the sugarcane fields of England. After this, the sugarcane farm owners needed new workers, and they got these workers in China, Portugal, and India at low prices. These laborers were contracted and taken there.
Forced labor, according to the 2010 report of the National Archives, British Government, in 1836, was the first ship full of laborers of India that went to England.
Asian migrants still have between 10 and 50 percent of the population in some islands of the United Kingdom. According to a report by the Human Rights Commission of Australia, between 1863 and 1900, 50,000 to 62500 people from the South Pacific Islands came to work in sugarcane fields in Queensland (now a state of Australia) during the British colony. After the 16th century, prices fell significantly, and there were two reasons.
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First, a reform movement against the monasteries stopped the supply of honey, which was used regularly for sweeteners. Second, the amount of sugar increased considerably after the 16th century. Apart from this, the residents of Europe came to know about another thing that if fruits are preserved in sugar, then jam can be made from it. This use of sugar was started by ancient Indians, Chinese, and Arabs, who had greater access to raw sugar.